blog #8

  1. Which guest lecture did you find most informative, inspiring, and/or challenging? Write a short reflection stating your reasons.

    Throughout this semester we have heard from many different professors and guest lecturers about a variety of topics. We have heard talks about economics that I will probably never fully understand, how gender equality is still not where it needs to be, drones and how they are helping and hurting our world, etc. The guest lecturer that I found most informative and inspiring but also gave a new perspective one some things and did show us some material that challenged the group was Sherry Mariea.

    Gender Equality is a must.


    As a student who went to a very women empowerment focused high school, I found her lecture to very informative on matters that even I haven’t learned about in my last seven and a half years of schooling. While talking about gender equality she mentioned that in every girls working lifetime she will be called “Honey”. To me this is very bothersome. When I myself call someone “honey” it is usually to emphasize that what they just did wasn’t exactly the smartest or is used out of sarcasm. The fact that as a woman I will be called “honey” during my working life means that at some point a man or even a women is going to doubt my abilities at my job.

    Women receive 70 cents to every male dollar

    inequalityprojects – Wikispaces
    Something else that she brought up that I thought was very interesting was when she showed us the video of how in sme countries, families will get an abortion or even just wait and eventually kill the child if it is a girl. Having a girl means that you are financially committed to a dowry if you ever want that daughter to get married. Many women, after finding out that they have pregnant will a daughter are beaten and sometimes even have to run away to live somewhere else in order to protect themselves and their child. I know that when I was conceived my parents had no doubt in their mind that they were going to raise me to be the woman that I am today. I know that they never even thought about ending my life just so that they wouldn’t have to eventually pay for a wedding if we ever get to that point.

  2. What insights did you gain doing research on your country?
    An exaggerated depiction of sea levels rising.


    DailyNews Archives
    Doing research on Fiji and other countries through Australia and Oceania has helped me to gain insight on some of the countries that we tend to forget about. Most of the countries in this area are underdeveloped and need some serious help. There are a lot of volunteer organizations and NGOs that are working towards helping the people of these countries to develop their cultures to be able to keep up with the rest of the world. They are trying to help the people in these countries develop the skills that they would need to work and survive in a different country. Without these skills they may be forced into even more poverty and end up being a burden on those countries. The reason that they would need to leave their own country is because sea levels are in fact rising. With these sea levels rising in all of these small island countries, the people are starting to see their homes, land, and cultures start to disappear. They have tried to sandbag the shorelines to keep the water from destroying everything they have but so far it hasn’t worked and people are seeing their homes being taken out to sea, making them inevitably homeless in their own small villages and countries. We need to either help these people save their homes, help them assimilate in other countries or figure out a way to stop sea levels from rising. Without this, we may lose very important cultures of our world that have been around for centuries.

    Enter a caption



blog #8

Lindsay Tiefenbrunn
Textile and Apparel Management 2810
Professor Fischer

November 20, 2016
Post #8

THINK GLOBAL: Australia and Oceania

SAMOA, AUSTRALIA Last BLOG Entry #8 by Sunday, 11/20

  1. Which guest lecture did you find most informative, inspiring, and/or challenging? Write a short reflection stating your reasons.

Throughout this course I have learned so many interesting facts. I have been informed on multiple topics,  and have taken away a lot from hearing multiple speakers throughout the course of this semester. Two of my favorite speakers were Professor Brian Brooks and Sherry Mariea.  I chose these two speakers because they both spoke on topics that were easy to relate to today’s society. In addition I found them the most intriguing. Although I loved listening to both speakers I think I will choose Professor Sherry Mariea as my guest lecture to speak about. I chose Professor Sherry Mariea not necessarily because her lecture was more intriguing over the other, but because I will go out and apply this lesson to my life. It was so inspiring hearing a women speak on all of the ways that we can strive for gender equality between men and women.


She talked about her kids and family, and all of the stereotypes. An example I really took a lot away from and thought was neat was when she talked about women proving themselves capable. Professor Mariea talked about us as women doing things that men typically do. Even though it is nice for a man to open the door for a women, we as women can break the stereotype and open up the door for men. We need to start doing things that are sometimes expected of men and showing that we are just as capable. Another example she gave the class, is that often times we set boundaries for our children at a very early age. Sherry gave an example how mothers will often times dress their little girls as a princess, a rockstar, or a butterfly. All of these halloween costumes having one common factor: either being very delicate or played by a women. But when it comes to men, we dress them up as an army guy, a dump truck, a farmer, or a construction worker. All of these costumes being very masculine and usually being portrayed by men. To break this stereotype Sherry dressed up her little girl in a halloween costume that would be typically worn by little boys. These were all examples that she gave in class.

blog8                         vs              bog8-1.jpeg

In addition she suggested that if you had a little girl you could buy them cars or army toys, and etc. Instead of the typical barbie dolls and american girl dolls. I thought this was so inspiring to hear because when I someday have children I want the world to be equal. I want my little boy and little girl to feel that they could both perform the same job and equally do as well as the other. I don’t want them to turn away from a sport, a job, a class, or anything that they have the interest in doing. I do believe it will be challenging because as a society we are trained at an early age of what is expected of you based on your gender. I as a women am expected to stay in shape, to value relationships, to value love, to know how to do my makeup, to not be too opinionated, and to care alot about my appearance, and so on. Although I do enjoy doing most of these things some of them I do not. I am continually working on being more comfortable with who I am daily, and I want change for my children. I want to raise my kids with confidence in all that they do and all that they can be. In addition, I want my husband to make me feel this way and I want to empower him to feel the same. Like Sherry mentioned, I don’t want salary to ever be an argument in my household. If I make more money than my husband, then good for us because it is ultimately supporting us as a family, and has nothing to do with power. I believe that this will happen for me if I set my mind to changing the norm. I will choose to focus on not only my words but my actions.


  1. What insights did you gain doing research on your country?
    The insights that I have gained from researching Samoa are honestly endless. Before starting this class I had no information on this country. I knew nothing about the area, the issues, and ultimately the community. I think one of the biggest insights I took away from this country is the inequality between men and women. Although I know this area is still dealing with many issues on this topic, they are working on them. I believe that working on them is all that we can really ask for. As long as this area recognizes the problem, then there is plenty of room for continuous improvement. And fortunately I think the people currently in charge of Samoa are striving to rid this problem.

Post 8

For this semester, I really thought Thinking Global class was one of the most interesting classes. Throughout the course, I had a chance to learn about many facts about the world, especially some problems that the world is going through. Each guest lecturers taught us about different issues that the world has such as environmental issues, human rights issues, and more. I was waiting for Professor Erb’s lecture because I am taking two of his courses for my major this semester so it was kind of sad when we missed it. One time we had to go to another discussion class and I remember her name was Sherry Mariea.gender-issue

(A picture from Shows the issue aiming gender issues)

I liked Professor Mariea’s lecture the most because gender issue has always been an issue around the world. In human rights, I believe it includes gender equality but when we see the world, it seems like there are some privileges or disadvantages whether what your gender is. Women has become more equal to how men are these days compared to the past but there are still some stereotypes and inequality remaining. For example, people think sports are for man and it is not appropriate for women just because their gender are ‘female’. However, Professor Mariea gave us a lecture that these are wrong. Moreover, she also told us that we have to show the world that women are also just capable as men are because women are often seen as weaker than men are. Recently, on Facebook, I saw a live video voting on whether the word ‘actress’ is discriminated. I believe it is discriminated because both women and men are working the same job but why should it be differentiated from one another? There are many job titles that does not have a different name by gender types. Moreover, people thinking that blue is a color for boys and pink is for girls is also a stereotype that should be changed. All these factors come together and make bigger issues such as sexual objectification, which is the act of treating a person as an instrument of sexual pleasure and it can be seen mostly in women. Objectification, for all reason, is wrong, therefore, for gender equality reason, women should not be used as a simple instrument of sexual pleasure.g2.jpg

(The picture shows the statistics on how women are more portrayed as sexual objectification. From

As time goes on, perspective on women changed and is still changing in a good way. In the future, I hope women in developing countries, who have comparatively less human rights than other developed countries, could have equal human rights.

Not only did we learn about issues around the world but we also had a chance to learn about a particular country we chose at the beginning of the course. My country was New Zealand and I chose the country because I always thought it was a beautiful country so I wanted to travel New Zealand someday. However, although, it is still beautiful, with the research I have done during the semester, there were many issues going on the country that I never thought of. One of the biggest issues in New Zealand was the income inequality. 45 % of New Zealanders mention some kind of economic issue including poverty, unemployment, financial crisis, the need to increase exports, and household debt. Income inequality measures the gap between the rich and the poor and it has increased rapidly in the late 1980s and ‘90s. Over the last three decades New Zealand there has been a step change in inequality — they have gone from being one of the most equal to one of the most unequal countries in the developed world. Moreover, they showed the top incomes double, the bottom half of incomes barely change, and the current trend shows no sign that this ‘step change’ to inequality will be reversed.

step change.jpg

(The graph shows the step change that New Zealand went through over the years. The graph is from

This severe income inequality happened because tax cuts gave big breaks to higher income earners and welfare benefit cuts of up to 20% reduce incomes for New Zealand’s poorest. Also, changes to employment law weakened the bargaining power of low-paid workers so they found it harder to win pay increases. Rising unemployment rate, moreover, means fewer people earning wages and more people reliant on much lower welfare benefits. I learned through the course that there are ways that the government can prevent more income inequality to happen. They can lift wages for those on the lower incomes by raising the minimum wage and investing in providing jobs that pay higher wages, raise welfare benefits to a level above recognized poverty lines for those who do not have jobs and make a fairer tax system. They also have some environmental issues such as rising sea levels, climate changes and deforestations, however, they have very active organizations such as Greenpeace New Zealand, Oceanswatch, and more that work for such issues.


(The dark side of New Zealand : Water pollution.

It was a very valuable time to learn about another country and had a chance to think about the world issues more deeply.

Post #7

Sex trafficking is no more than a form of slavery in which women and children are most often forced into performing sexual acts with the promise of something that they need or desire. These promises are continued and the woman or child is kept in this form of slavery for the rest of their lives.

Enter a caption

Ms Sparky

  1. Is sex trafficking, sex slavery an issue in your country and region?

Fiji currently has a status as a source country for women and children that are victims of sex trafficking.They are forced into prostitution in Fiji or are taken to foreign countries. Women and children are tricked into thinking that they are accepting a real job in Fiji or another country and are then taken and forced into sex slavery, mainly organized by Chinese criminals. Can you imagine thinking that you have accepted a great job offer only to be forced into trafficking again? It sounds and is truly horrifying. People who have taken refuge in Fiji or are simply just passing through are usually the ones that have taken advantage of the situation and have exploited Fijian women and children into prostitution. Many children are forced into trafficking because there is a tradition of families sending their children away to live with family that live in a different and larger city. These children are either lost to trafficking on the journey or get lost in the larger cities because they are not used to fast paced environment and tend to be swept under the rug. They are sometimes promised food and shelter in these large cities in exchange for sexual acts but are never truly given the foods or promised that they have been told by the people who coerce them.

“The Government of Fiji does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking; however, it is making significant efforts to do so. During the reporting period, the Fijian government assisted in the repatriation of two Fijian trafficking victims and acquired a new safe house. Authorities began investigation of five trafficking cases involving four suspects, but did not bring any of those cases to prosecution. The government did not implement formal procedures to proactively identify victims of trafficking among vulnerable populations; some potential victims may have been deported as law violators.” -US Department of State in the 2016 Trafficking in Persons Report

Women are sold into sex slavery every day.

The Samaritan Women


2. The article (pdf) Born Free talks about the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) which came into effect in 2016. Find out if human trafficking is addressed by one of the goals? What needs to be done to combat human trafficking?

Goal number 5 states that “5.2 Eliminate all forms of violence against all women and girls in the public and private spheres, including trafficking and sexual and other types of exploitation.”

Enter a caption

Fight Slavery Now!

There are many things that can be done to combat human trafficking but the ultimate thing is to educate people on trafficking and most of all educate young women on how to avoid this situation. We need to help women and children to understand that there is always another option and that they shouldn’t be tricked into something like this. We also need to educate young women on how not to get abducted and forced into trafficking. In the movie “Taken” there is a scene where the main character is walking through a sex trafficking house. You see many women either chained onto beds or so forcibly drugged that they are incapable of moving or fighting back. After seeing all of this the main character takes us to another place where he sees his daughter standing in the middle of a dark room with a spot light on her while well dressed business men are making bids on her. Seeing this really shows the higher side of sex trafficking where it isn’t just lowly men but also men that are of high standing participating in forced prostitution. There are so many way to avoid something like this. We need to be alert and aware of our surroundings at all times and need to be about to protect ourselves if it ever comes to that situation.

Enter a caption

Conscious Lifestyle


Lindsay Tiefenbrunn
Textile and Apparel Management 2810
Professor Fischer

November 6, 2016
Post #7

THINK GLOBAL: Australia and Oceania


  1.     Is sex trafficking, sex slavery an issue in your country and region?
    Sex trafficking is when a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud or coercion OR when the person induced to perform the act is under 18 years old. A commercial sex act means any item of value is traded for any sexual service (prostitution, pornography, or sexual performance). Domestic minor sex trafficking is the commercial sexual exploitation of American children within U.S. borders for monetary or other compensation (shelter, food, drugs, etc.). This is synonymous with child sex slavery, sex slavery, child sex trafficking, prostitution of children, and commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC).”

-Unfortunately I am sad to say that yes sex trafficking/sex slavery is still an issue in Samoa, Australia. Not only is it a problem, but Samoa was a little late in the game to implementing a law to stop sex trafficking. It wasn’t until March of two thousand and fourteen that a law was put into place. That being said, it was not necessarily did not want a law put into place but they couldn’t get the law to pass. This speaks for itself on many levels and the people that are in authority positions of the country of Samoa.

“PAGO PAGO, American Samoa (AP) – Legislators in American Samoa have approved the territory’s first anti-human trafficking law after several unsuccessful attempts over more than a decade.”

Mitzie Jessop, a Deputy Attorney General in Samoa is particularly happy about this law finally being put in place after dealing with numerous cases regarding sex trafficking and not having the means to do anything about the situation at hand. Now that this law has been put into place Jessop can imprison the criminal for five to ten years in prison, especially if the victim is underage. (

Although this new law being put into place is great for Samoa it does not necessarily mean that the crime has stopped or is coming to a stop anytime soon. If you think about it most people involved in sex trafficking and the sex trade are not as concerned about the law as they are about the money.
In addition to the criminals not being concerned about the law, I believe that the victims in this area still don’t have a voice and feel that their lives are endangered if they were to report such a crime. After visiting the NHTRC~National Human Trafficking Resource Center, I found out some alarming numbers about the American Samoa area. From January 1, 2015 through December 31, 2015 ONLY two phone calls were made throughout the entire year to the resource center, zero emails were received, and zero online tip reports were made. With such little data, information, and statistics on this area I cannot help to think that many victims are scared.  (

Human trafficking is a widespread crime that is not only happening in Samoa but all over the nation. I think it is so hard to catch the criminals and trace all of the victims due to the huge online world that many have access to. This is allowing multiple people from all over the world to connect, trade, bid, and ultimately sell the victims in this industry. Other factors playing into this crime and making it easier is that people with authority can be involved in the operations in certain areas of the world, and proper laws are not in place for this crime in every area of the world. All of these things make it a little bit easier to get away with this crime that is making money for many and destroying the lives of many. We probably wonder why it is that the victims don’t turn in the criminals, and that is probably due to the vulnerability and fear that the many victims carry with them. In two thousand and twelve the “ (UNODC) United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime reports the percentage of child victims had risen in a 3 year span from 20 per cent to 27 per cent. Of every three child victims, two are girls and one is a boy. Gender and age profile of victims detected globally: 59% Women – 14% Men – 17% Girls and 10% were Boys.”


“-600,000 to 800,000 women, children and men bought and sold across international borders every year and exploited for forced labor or commercial sex (U.S. Government)

-When internal trafficking victims are added to the estimates, the number of victims annually is in the range of 2 to 4 million

-50% of those victims are estimated to be children

-It is estimated that 76 percent of transactions for sex with underage girls start on the Internet

-2 million children are subjected to prostitution in the global commercial sex trade (UNICEF)

-There are 20.9 Million victims of Trafficking Worldwide as of 2012

-4.5 Million of trafficked persons are sexually exploited”

With all of these scary facts being given it is important to know that yes, sex trafficking, human trafficking, sex slavery, all of these crimes in all forms are still taking place in many parts of the world. It is important to always be very aware of what sites you are visiting, your surroundings, and the different types of people that you engage with. Becoming more aware and cautious of your many day to day actions can help keep you protected.


2.     The article (pdf) Born Free talks about the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) which came into effect in 2016. Find out if human trafficking is addressed by one of the goals? What needs to be done to combat human trafficking?

-The article Born Free talks a lot about the Sustainable Development Goals that came into effect in two thousand and sixteen. Human Trafficking is addressed by one of the Sustainable Development Goals~Goal number 5. Goal number 5 states “5.2 Eliminate all forms of violence against all women and girls in the public and private spheres, including trafficking and sexual and other types of exploitation”
Although the SDGs does address human trafficking in one of it’s goal and wants to fix this issue, it ultimately comes down to people stepping up and starting to make a difference. There are many things that can be done to combat human trafficking. The first thing is educating the youth on this crime. Informing them of the dangers of the internet, of their surroundings, and preparing them for anything. Helping the survivors~we can provide jobs, internships, skills training, and other opportunities to trafficking survivors. Finally I believe implementing laws and helping organizations out to help combat the crime would greatly help.




Post #7

Sex trafficking is a crime that is composed of two aspects: sexual slavery and human trafficking. I believe sex trafficking is a human rights violation and that both sex trafficking and exploitative labor practices are examples of “modern slavery.” According to a sex trafficking survivor from Cambodia, Kolab, she was forced to sleep with as many as fifty customers a day and continues to state, “I had to give [the pimp] all my money. If I did not [earn a set amount] they punished me by removing my clothes and beating me with a stick until I fainted, electrocuting me, cutting me.” Therefore, it violates basic human rights, including the rights to bodily integrity, equality, dignity, health, security, and freedom from violence and torture. Though, sex trafficking is one of the biggest crime that is still active somewhere in this world these days. A website called Equality Now deals with these issue and states that trafficking women and children for sexual exploitation is the fastest growing criminal enterprise in the world. This despite, the fact international law and the laws of 134 countries criminalize sex trafficking. Moreover, women and girls make up 98 percent of victims of trafficking for sexual exploitation and another fact is that at least 20.9 million adults and children are bought and sold worldwide into commercial sexual servitude, forced labor and bonded labor.17_humantraffic.jpg

(PHOTO: Human trafficking is a serious issue these days.)

New Zealand is known to be a “source country” for sex trafficking of underage girls and a destination country for forced labor in a sharply critical report released by the US State Department. Also a destination country for foreign men and women subjected to forced labor and sex trafficking. As a Korean, I hear many rumors about international students from my parents or my friends in Korea. They say that many people’s or people who work in matchmaking agencies perspectives on international students in New Zealand are not very good because of sex trafficking issues. Since New Zealand legalize sex trafficking, they think that many students might have experienced it either as a customer or a worker. In the first report on the prevalence on trafficking and New Zealand’s anti-trafficking laws, it is said “With the growth of globalization and migration into and out of New Zealand, the ignorance of New Zealanders and our government to trafficking, the lack of regulation and government intervention in the market and the legalization of the sex industry have made it easier for trafficking and exploitation to go unnoticed.”


(PHOTO: Human trafficking is known to be criminal but New Zealand legalizes sex slavery.)

Human trafficking in Born free where it talks about the Sustainable Development Goals, is addressed through “Goal 5: Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls” and “Eliminate all forms of violence against all women and girls in the public and private spheres, including trafficking and sexual and other types of exploitation.” These days, human trafficking is not just an issue that people can ignore about. It is a global issue. The most efficient prevention for human trafficking would be making a strong policy. Moreover, New Zealand, for example, held a Trafficking in Persons Conference in April 2013, which included an action plan to incorporate more government-civil society partnerships in addressing human trafficking and a proposal for more proactive investigations by law enforcement, that was sponsored by the government and an international non-governmental organization.

Post #6


Linda Polman 

Link to picture of Linda Polman

Linda Polman is a freelance journalist who is currently working for two different Dutch newspapers as well as a couple of other foreign papers. Polman finds many faults in the way that humanitarian aid is being use and has been looking at these situations and critiquing them since 1993. She mainly focuses on areas of war. While researching in these areas she has found a lot of evidence that they newspapers that are reporting in these areas aren’t actually telling the entire truth about the area. Some of the information is falsified to make it seem like what is happening in the area isn’t as bad as being said. To counteract this, Linda has followed the United Nations group to see what has actually being happening in these areas and to be able to document what is happening to let the world know the truth.

  1. What are the principal concerns that Linda Polman raises in her book?
    Linda Polman’s book, The Crisis Caravan: What’s Wrong With Humanitarian Aid? talks about many different concerns throughout her book with one of the main ones being if non for profit companies actually benefit the areas  that they are trying to help out or is it, in reality, harming them. In her research, Polman found that many of the organizations either didn’t have as much control over the money that they were raising as they should, or that they are not using it effectively in order to help as many people as possible. In order to properly help out those who really need help, it is almost always essential to work with other organizations to use the full amount of resources available. When these companies and organizations don’t work together the money is misused and they are all not living up to their full potential. There are thousands of international aid organizations around the world and split between those is a massive amount of money. Billions of dollars is divided up amongst these organizations as they go out and help different areas of the world as well as receiving donations from their private benefactors as well. Most of the reason that these companies try to help out so many people is because they are all trying to outdo each other in who can raise the most money for their cause and who can help out the most people or make the biggest impact. The more people you help, the more people find out about your organization and the more money you will get from private benefactors. However, a lot of the time, aid from humanitarian organizations causes conflict in areas to last longer, which causes the humanitarian companies to spend more money and the people who are benefiting the other side of the war to spend more money as well, basically creating a bottomless pit of destruction.
  2. Why does she say “Aid organizations are business dressed up like Mother Teresa”?
    Polman makes the claim that “aid organizations are businesses dressed up like Mother Theresa” because, in my opinion, she is talking about how they are known for their good works but because she says they are jus dressed up like her that they aren’t actually there for the right reasons. Mother Teresa is known very well for her numerous acts of kind ness and for basically trying to save the entire world. She barely took any more for herself, only what she needed to survive, and devoted her life to solely helping others that were left fortunate than her. When people think of humanitarian aid organizations, they think of them as completely kind and giving people that use all of their resources to help out those left fortunate. However, when you look deep into a company that claims to be an aid organization, you can sometimes find out that people of the people who are higher up in the company make more money than they really should be. A good portion of the money that is raised for those that need help goes to supporting the CEOs families. Polman is saying that on the outside these companies look like they are trying to save the world but in reality they may be filling up their pockets on the way.
  3. What do journalists, the public, and governments have to do to make humanitarian aid successful?
    To make humanitarian aid successful, I personally believe that we need to keep a closer eye on the people that are running the companies. We all need to stay completely informed when we are donating money to these causes because most of the time, not even half of the money that we donate goes to actually helping the cause. When I read the book Start Something That Matters by Blake Mycoskie, I learned so much about the company TOMS that I never even knew before. So many times on TV or in ads we get a little sneak preview into these companies but this book really informed me of what the company is actually doing and it gave me

    Book about TOMS shoes (

    a reason to want to go out and buy those shoes because I knew that they were doing their best to try and help out other countries. However, when I watch a commercial on TV about a bunch of children starving in Africa, I think about how they should’ve use the amount of time and money spent on making that commercial into actually buying food for the children. That commercial alone probably costs thousands of dollars to make which could most definitely feed an entire village in Africa that is already starving.