Textile and Apparel Management 2810
November 6, 2016
THE WORLD OF SEX TRAFFICKING
THINK GLOBAL: Australia and Oceania
- Is sex trafficking, sex slavery an issue in your country and region?
“Sex trafficking is when a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud or coercion OR when the person induced to perform the act is under 18 years old. A commercial sex act means any item of value is traded for any sexual service (prostitution, pornography, or sexual performance). Domestic minor sex trafficking is the commercial sexual exploitation of American children within U.S. borders for monetary or other compensation (shelter, food, drugs, etc.). This is synonymous with child sex slavery, sex slavery, child sex trafficking, prostitution of children, and commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC).”
-Unfortunately I am sad to say that yes sex trafficking/sex slavery is still an issue in Samoa, Australia. Not only is it a problem, but Samoa was a little late in the game to implementing a law to stop sex trafficking. It wasn’t until March of two thousand and fourteen that a law was put into place. That being said, it was not necessarily did not want a law put into place but they couldn’t get the law to pass. This speaks for itself on many levels and the people that are in authority positions of the country of Samoa.
“PAGO PAGO, American Samoa (AP) – Legislators in American Samoa have approved the territory’s first anti-human trafficking law after several unsuccessful attempts over more than a decade.”
Mitzie Jessop, a Deputy Attorney General in Samoa is particularly happy about this law finally being put in place after dealing with numerous cases regarding sex trafficking and not having the means to do anything about the situation at hand. Now that this law has been put into place Jessop can imprison the criminal for five to ten years in prison, especially if the victim is underage. (http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2014/mar/10/am-samoa-passes-first-anti-human-trafficking-law/)
Although this new law being put into place is great for Samoa it does not necessarily mean that the crime has stopped or is coming to a stop anytime soon. If you think about it most people involved in sex trafficking and the sex trade are not as concerned about the law as they are about the money.
In addition to the criminals not being concerned about the law, I believe that the victims in this area still don’t have a voice and feel that their lives are endangered if they were to report such a crime. After visiting the NHTRC~National Human Trafficking Resource Center, I found out some alarming numbers about the American Samoa area. From January 1, 2015 through December 31, 2015 ONLY two phone calls were made throughout the entire year to the resource center, zero emails were received, and zero online tip reports were made. With such little data, information, and statistics on this area I cannot help to think that many victims are scared. (https://traffickingresourcecenter.org/sites/default/files/NHTRC%202015%20American%20Samoa%20State%20Report%20-%20AS%20-%2001.01.15%20-%2012.31.15_OTIP_Edited_06-08-16.pdf)
Human trafficking is a widespread crime that is not only happening in Samoa but all over the nation. I think it is so hard to catch the criminals and trace all of the victims due to the huge online world that many have access to. This is allowing multiple people from all over the world to connect, trade, bid, and ultimately sell the victims in this industry. Other factors playing into this crime and making it easier is that people with authority can be involved in the operations in certain areas of the world, and proper laws are not in place for this crime in every area of the world. All of these things make it a little bit easier to get away with this crime that is making money for many and destroying the lives of many. We probably wonder why it is that the victims don’t turn in the criminals, and that is probably due to the vulnerability and fear that the many victims carry with them. In two thousand and twelve the “ (UNODC) United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime reports the percentage of child victims had risen in a 3 year span from 20 per cent to 27 per cent. Of every three child victims, two are girls and one is a boy. Gender and age profile of victims detected globally: 59% Women – 14% Men – 17% Girls and 10% were Boys.”
“-600,000 to 800,000 women, children and men bought and sold across international borders every year and exploited for forced labor or commercial sex (U.S. Government)
-When internal trafficking victims are added to the estimates, the number of victims annually is in the range of 2 to 4 million
-50% of those victims are estimated to be children
-It is estimated that 76 percent of transactions for sex with underage girls start on the Internet
-2 million children are subjected to prostitution in the global commercial sex trade (UNICEF)
-There are 20.9 Million victims of Trafficking Worldwide as of 2012
-4.5 Million of trafficked persons are sexually exploited”
With all of these scary facts being given it is important to know that yes, sex trafficking, human trafficking, sex slavery, all of these crimes in all forms are still taking place in many parts of the world. It is important to always be very aware of what sites you are visiting, your surroundings, and the different types of people that you engage with. Becoming more aware and cautious of your many day to day actions can help keep you protected.
2. The article (pdf) Born Free talks about the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) which came into effect in 2016. Find out if human trafficking is addressed by one of the goals? What needs to be done to combat human trafficking?
-The article Born Free talks a lot about the Sustainable Development Goals that came into effect in two thousand and sixteen. Human Trafficking is addressed by one of the Sustainable Development Goals~Goal number 5. Goal number 5 states “5.2 Eliminate all forms of violence against all women and girls in the public and private spheres, including trafficking and sexual and other types of exploitation”
Although the SDGs does address human trafficking in one of it’s goal and wants to fix this issue, it ultimately comes down to people stepping up and starting to make a difference. There are many things that can be done to combat human trafficking. The first thing is educating the youth on this crime. Informing them of the dangers of the internet, of their surroundings, and preparing them for anything. Helping the survivors~we can provide jobs, internships, skills training, and other opportunities to trafficking survivors. Finally I believe implementing laws and helping organizations out to help combat the crime would greatly help.
WAYS THAT YOU CAN HELP PREVENT SEX/HUMAN TRAFFICKING:
VIDEO LINK ABOUT SEX/HUMAN TRAFFICKING